Located south of the eastern Himalayas, Assam is an Indian state located in its north-east region. A noteworthy geographical feature of the state of Assam is that it surrounds three of the six major physiographic divisions of India – Northern Himalayas (Eastern Hills), Northern Plains (the Brahmaputra plain) and Deccan Plateau (Karbi Anglong). This topography forms one of the richest biodiversity zones in the world and is home to some of the endangered species of flora and fauna, including the one-horned Indian Rhinoceros.
Marked by a tropical rainfall climate, Assam experiences heavy rainfall and humid atmospheric conditions throughout the year. The fertile Brahmaputra river valley offers rich loamy soil to the region, creating the perfect natural setting for the production of tea.
As far as the history of tea in Assam goes, it was discovered quite accidentally by a Scottish adventurer named Robert Bruce in the year 1823. He noticed that a certain plant variety grew wild in the region and natives used the leaves of the said plant to brew an aromatic concoction. It was not until 1830s that the leaves of the plant were sent for scientific examination by Robert’s brother Charles. A careful scientific study concluded that the plant was a variety of tea, different from the Chinese variety of Camellia sinensis var. Sinensis. This variety was dubbed as Camellia sinensis var. Assamica.